Articles and websites that writers of fiction may find useful.
Plot patterns and narrative structures
Aarne–Thompson Tale Type Index
- First developed by Antti Aarne and published in 1910.
- Translated, revised, and enlarged by Stith Thompson in 1928 and again in 1961.
- Identifies recurring plot patterns in the narrative structures of traditional folktales.
- Focuses more on the morphology (structure) of folktales rather than the details of their characters’ actions.
- Thompson indexed folktale motifs (repeated elements, themes, or patterns) separately in their Motif-Index of Folk-Literature
- Aarne–Thompson classification system @ Wikipedia
Monomyth (the hero’s journey)
- The monomyth, or the hero’s journey, is the structure of a tales that involve a hero going on an adventure, and in a decisive crisis, wins a victory, before returning home changed or transformed.
- Concept introduced by Joseph Campbell in The Hero with a Thousand Faces (1949): “A hero ventures forth from the world of common day into a region of supernatural wonder: fabulous forces are there encountered and a decisive victory is won: the hero comes back from this mysterious adventure with the power to bestow boons on his fellow man.”
- Monomyth @ Wikipedia
- Hero’s Journey
- The Hero’s Journey – Mythic Structure of Joseph Campbell’s Monomyth
- Stith Thompson compiled, classified, and numbered the traditional motifs folktale types in Antti Aarne’s Aarne’s index.
- Motifs are the recognizable and consistently repeated story elements (common characters, objects, actions, and events) that are used in the plot structures.
- Motif (folkloristics) @ Wikipedia